For the most up to date information, please refer to the Graduate and Undergraduate Bulletins. For your convenience, here are the descriptions of the courses

## Graduate Bulletin

## Undergraduate Bulletin

### Definition of Prefixes

**AST**-Astronomy

**PHY**-Physics

**PHZ**-Physics: Continued

**PSC**-Physical Sciences

### Courses for Non-Science Majors

**AST 1002. Planets, Stars, and Galaxies (3).** Introductory astronomy. Basic astronomical concepts; gravitation and other cosmic forces; planets, moons, and other components of the solar system; nature and evolution of the sun and of other stars; structure of galaxies and of the universe as a whole. (Astronomy for liberal studies.)

**AST 1002L. Introductory Astronomy Laboratory (1).** Corequisite: AST 1002. Elective laboratory to accompany AST 1002. One period per week for two hours. Experiments, measurements, and observations of planetary, stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy. (Astronomy laboratory for liberal studies.)

**AST 3033. Recent Advances in Astronomy and Cosmology (3).** Prerequisites: AST 1002 and basic math requirements or instructor permission. Modern concepts and recent discoveries such as black holes, quasars, and the Big Bang.

**PHY 1020. Fundamentals of Physics (3).** A liberal studies course for non-science majors with a minimum of mathematics. Survey of light, mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and an introduction to atomic, nuclear, and subnuclear physics with emphasis on how a physicist approaches the problem of describing nature. A qualitative, descriptive approach is used. Cannot be taken for credit by students who already have credit in PHY 2048C, PHY 2053C, or equivalent.

**PHY 1020L. Fundamentals of Physics Laboratory (1).** Corequisite: PHY 1020. Elective laboratory to accompany PHY 1020. One period per week for two hours. Experiments in mechanics, optics, electricity, and magnetism. (Liberal studies laboratory.)

**PHY 1075C. Physics of Light and Sound (4).** A liberal studies course for non-science majors emphasizing learning the aspects of light and sound needed in recording images and sound. It includes analysis of color, waves, reflection, refraction, imaging, diffraction, spectra, sound levels and perception, and signal processing.

### Courses for Non-Physical-Science Majors

**PHY 2053C. College Physics A (4).** Prerequisites: MAC 1114 and MAC 1140 with grades of C- or better or suitable mathematics examination placement score. Corequisite: PHY 2053L. An introduction to mechanics, heat, and waves for non-physical-science majors. Examples from biology, geology, and medicine are incorporated. First course in a two-semester sequence. Calculus not required. Two lectures, one recitation, and one laboratory each week. Students who have previously received credit for PHY 2048C may not register for PHY 2053C.

**PHY 2053L. College Physics A Laboratory (0).**

**PHY 2054C. College Physics B (4).** Prerequisite: PHY 2053C or PHY 2048C. Corequisite: PHY 2054L. An introduction to electromagnetism, light, and modern physics for non-physical-science majors. Two lectures, one recitation, and one laboratory each week. Students who have previously received credit for PHY 2049C may not register for PHY 2054C.

**PHY 2054L. College Physics B Laboratory (0).**

**PHZ 4702. Biomedical Physics I (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 2053C and PHY 2054C or PHY 2048C and PHY 2049C. This is the first in a series of two introductory courses on the applications of physics in biology and medicine. The course discusses applications of classical mechanics, hydrodynamics, and thermodynamics to motion, to the structure of the musculoskeletal, respiratory, and circulatory systems, as well as to the biology of the cell. The course is intended for students preparing for graduate studies in the biological sciences, for medical school, or for medical professions such as physical therapy and nursing.

**PHZ 4703. Biomedical Physics II (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 2053C and PHY 2054C or PHY 2048C and PHY 2049C. This is the second in a series of two introductory courses on the applications of electricity, magnetism, optics, and modern physics to the nervous system, to vision, to modern topics in biomolecular research, as well as to microscopy and to modern biomedical imaging techniques. The course is intended for students preparing for graduate studies in the biological sciences, for medical school, or for medical professions such as physical therapy and nursing.

### Physics for K-12 Educators

**PSC 2801C. Physical Science for EC/EE Teachers (4).** This course is designed for prospective elementary and early childhood education majors. The course combines physics and chemistry and the laboratory is integral to the course. Students will work in groups in a hands-on, minds-on approach to learning physical science.

**PHY 3012. Learning Assistantship in Physics (2).** Prerequisites: PHY 2048C and PHY 2049C. Corequisite: PHY 3101. This course focuses on apprentice teaching in an inquiry-based physics learning environment under the direction of a faculty member. In addition, the course provides an examination of theoretical issues such as conceptual development, conceptual change, collaborative learning, technology in education, and students' conceptions of various topics in physics, as well as practical issues encountered in facilitating learning, managing the classroom, formative and summative assessment, and differentiating instruction in a collaborative environment.

### General Physics for Physical Science Majors

**PHY 2048C. General Physics A (5).** Prerequisite: MAC 2311. This course is an introduction to mechanics, waves, and thermodynamics for physical science majors, designed to be taken as a sequence with PHY 2049C. Calculus is used. Course consists of lectures, recitations, and laboratory.

**PHY 2048L. General Physics A Laboratory (0).**

**PHY 2049C. General Physics B (5).** Prerequisites: PHY 2048C and MAC 2312. This course is an introduction to electricity, magnetism, and optics for physical science majors. Calculus is used. Course consists of lectures, recitations, and laboratory.

**PHY 2049L. General Physics B Laboratory (0).**

### Courses for Majors

**AST 3721L. Astrophysics Laboratory (1).** Prerequisite: PHY 3101. This course offers an introduction to experimental methodology, data analysis and interpretation, calibration techniques, scientific model validation, as well as data presentation and communication of results. The laboratory experiments have astrophysical relevance and include magnetic fields, optical interference and diffraction, wave polarization, line spectroscopy, photoelectric effect, and radioactive decay.

**AST 4211. Introduction to Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisites: MAC 2312 and PHY 2049C; science majors only. This introductory course covers key aspects and concepts of modern astronomy and astrophysics, including coordinate systems, instrumentation, our sun and planets, stars and stellar evolution, binary systems and variable stars, stellar explosions, as well as galaxies and the evolution of the universe.

**AST 4217. Physics of Stars (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3101 and PHY 3221. This course serves as an introduction to star formation, evolution, and death through simple theoretical modeling and through a strong emphasis on the underlying physics concepts.

**AST 4414. Cosmology and Structure Formation (3).** Prerequisites: AST 4211 and PHY 3101. This course covers the evolution of the universe from the "Hot Big Bang" to the current epoch. Topics include cosmological expansion, the Hubble constant and other cosmological parameters, the microwave background radiation, early universe nucleosynthesis, the growth of large-scale structure, the "dark ages" and the re-ionization of the universe, the horizon and other fine-tuning problems, distance determinations, redshift surveys, inflation, cosmological acceleration, as well as dark matter and dark energy.

**AST 4419. Extragalactic Astronomy (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. This course offers a survey of the physics and phenomenology of galaxies and galaxy structures. Topics include stellar populations, classifications systems, interstellar and intergalactic material, chemical abundances and evolution, galaxy formation, structure, dynamics and evolution, extragalactic distance determination, interacting systems, as well as active galactic nuclei.

**AST 4722. Observational Techniques in Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. This course covers principles and techniques used in obtaining modern astronomical data. Includes an overview of current and next-generation astronomical instrumentation, discussion of calibration schemes and observing strategies, and an introduction to analysis techniques.

**PHY 1090r. Discovering Physics (1).** (S/U grade only.) This course serves as an introduction to the exciting work currently being done by physicists. Topics include the physics and the day-to-day work done to answer questions in astrophysics, elementary particle physics, nuclear physics, and condensed matter physics. May be repeated to a maximum of two semester hours.

**PHY 3045. Physics Problem Solving (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 2048C and PHY 2049C. Corequisites: PHY 3101 and MAP 2302, or instructor permission. This course includes instruction and practice in solving advanced, calculus-based, multi-step problems in classical mechanics and E&M.

**PHY 3091. Communication in Physics (2).** Prerequisite: PHY 2048C. Corequisite: PHY 2049C. Instruction and practice in oral communications for physicists. Students will choose physics topics in consultation with instructor and present them to the class.

**PHY 3101. Intermediate Modern Physics (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 2049C. Special relativity, quantum properties of light and matter, origins of the universe.

**PHY 3221. Mechanics I (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3101 and MAP 2302. Corequisite: MAC 2313. This course focuses on Newtonian mechanics of a single particle, oscillations, nonlinear oscillations and chaos, gravitation, central force motion, systems of particles, and motion in noninertial reference frames.

**PHY 3424. Optics (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 2049C. Geometrical optics, wave optics, optical instrumentation, properties of light, lasers, fiber optics.

**PHY 3802L. Intermediate Laboratory (2).** Corequisite: PHY 3101. This course focuses on experiments in optics, modern physics, and electricity and magnetism. The emphasis is on the development of experimental technique, assessment of the validity of experimental data, and the development of skill in the written presentation of results.

**PHY 3803L. Intermediate Laboratory B (1).** Prerequisite: PHY 3802L. Experiments in atomic spectroscopy, mechanics, radio-frequency and microwave measurements, vacuum technique, and data accumulation with microprocessors. The area of emphasis is arranged between the student and the instructor.

**PHY 4222. Mechanics II (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3221, PHZ 3113, or instructor permission. This course focuses on Lagrangian dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, dynamics of rigid bodies, coupled oscillations, waves in one-dimensional continuous systems, and special relativity.

**PHY 4241. Advanced Dynamics (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3221 and PHY 4323. This course examines a variety of topics including Hamiltonian dynamics and electrodynamics of particles, waves in continuous media, relativistic dynamics, and electrodynamics of particles.

**PHY 4323. Electricity and Magnetism I (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3221 and PHZ 3113. This course focuses on electric fields for static charge distributions, electric fields in matter, magnetic fields for constant current configurations, magnetic fields in matter, and Maxwell's equations.

**PHY 4324. Electricity and Magnetism II (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4323. This course focuses on electromagnetic wave solutions to Maxwell's equations; reflection, transmission, dispersion, and absorption of electromagnetic waves; scalar and vector potentials; electromagnetic dipole radiation; electrodynamics; and relativity.

**PHY 4513. Thermal and Statistical Physics (3).** Prerequisites: MAC 2313, PHY 3221, and PHZ 3113. The fundamental laws of thermodynamics and their application to simple systems. The kinetic theory of an ideal gas. An introduction to the classical and quantum statistical mechanics of weakly interacting systems.

**PHY 4604. Quantum Theory of Matter A (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3101, PHY 3221, and PHZ 3113. This course focuses on quantum mechanics and its applications to particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, and condensed matter.

**PHY 4605. Quantum Theory of Matter B (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4604. Quantum mechanics and its applications to particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, and condensed matter.

**PHY 4822Lr. Advanced Laboratory (2).** Prerequisite: PHY 3802L. Experiments in atomic physics, nuclear physics, and other areas of modern physics. Students are expected to work without detailed instructions. The course may be repeated to a maximum of six semester hours for special projects arranged in advance between the student and the instructor.

**PHZ 3113. Mathematical Physics (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3101. Corequisite: MAP 2302 or MAP 3305. Mathematical methods applied to physical systems; vectors, specialized techniques of integration, integral transforms, special functions, boundary-value problems, numerical methods.

**PHZ 3400. Phenomena in Condensed Matter Physics (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3101. This course covers topics such as: crystal structures, phonons and thermal properties, electron energy bands, metals, semiconductors, superconductors, and magnetism.

**PHZ 4151C. Computational Physics Laboratory (3).** Prerequisites: MAP 2302 or MAP 3305, PHY 3221, and PHZ 3113. An introduction to the use of computers to solve computationally intensive problems, including basic instruction in physics problem solving using numerical solutions of differential equations, numerical integration, Monte Carlo methods, linear algebra, and symbolic algebra. Provides instruction in computational techniques and software development skills and practice in using network and software development tools including telnet, ftp, spreadsheets, databases, code management tools, and the World Wide Web. Satisfies the University computer skills competency requirement.

**PHZ 4316. Nuclear Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. Corequisite: PHY 4604. This course offers an introduction to the role of nuclear reactions and decays in astrophysics. Topics cover the origin of elements in the context of Big Bang, major burning stages in the life of a star, stellar explosions, and processes in interstellar matter.

**PHZ 4390. Particle and Nuclear Physics (3).** Prerequisites: MAP 2302 or MAP 3305 and PHY 3101, or instructor permission. This course examines the properties of nuclei and particles, nuclear and particle decays, the Standard Model, and accelerator and detector techniques.

**PHZ 4601. Special and General Relativity (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3221. Corequisite: PHY 4323. This course examines the special theory of relativity, tensor analysis and curvature, general theory of relativity, experimental tests, black holes, gravitational radiation, and cosmology.

### Research and Special Topics

**AST 4218r. Astrophysics Seminar (1).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. This seminar introduces students to current research topics in astronomy and astrophysics through presentation and discussion of recently published research papers, their own research work, and occasional review publications. Topics cover observational and theoretical astrophysics alike. May be repeated to a maximum of two semester hours.

**PHY 3949r. Cooperative Work Experience (0).** (S/U grade only.)

**PHY 4905r. Directed Individual Study (1-3).** May be repeated to a maximum of eighteen semester hours.

**PHY 4910r. Research Participation (1-3).** Projects in theoretical or experimental physics arranged in advance between the student and a member of the teaching faculty of the physics department. May be repeated to a maximum of eight semester hours.

**PHY 4936r. Special Topics in Physics (1-3).** Prerequisite: Senior standing or instructor permission. Advanced applications of physics to topics of interest, such as relativity, astrophysics, particle physics, advanced solid state physics, or advanced nuclear physics. Offered on demand. May be repeated to a maximum of twelve semester hours.

**PHY 4937r. Undergraduate Tutorial in Physics (1-3).** (S/U grade only.) Prerequisite: Upper-division undergraduate standing. Selected topics in modern physics. Examination of primary research literature. May be repeated to a maximum of fifteen semester hours. A maximum of eight students allowed in each tutorial.

**PHY 4970r. Honors Work (1-6).** May be repeated to a maximum of nine semester hours.

**PHY 4975. Senior Thesis (1).** Prerequisite and corequisite: PHY 4910. A written report and an oral presentation discussing research work done under PHY 4910. The grade is assigned by a committee of three faculty members.

**PHY 4990r. Senior Seminar (1).** Prerequisite: PHY 3101. Corequisites: PHY 3091 and PHY 4910r. Students present results of their physics research to the class for discussion. May be repeated to a maximum of two semester hours.

### Graduate Courses

**Note:** The prerequisites are to be interpreted rather liberally; in general, instructor permission can replace any prerequisite.

**AST 5210. Introduction to Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisites: MAC2312 and PHY2049C. This course introduces science majors to key aspects and concepts of modern astronomy and astrophysics. Topics cover coordinate systems, instrumentation, our sun and planets, stars and stellar evolution, binary systems and variable stars, stellar explosions, galaxies, as well as the evolution of the universe.

**AST 5219r. Astrophysics Seminar (1).** Prerequisite: AST 5210. This seminar introduces students to current research topics in astronomy and astrophysics through the presentation and discussion of recently published research papers, own research work, and occasional review publications. Topics cover observational and theoretical astrophysics alike. May be repeated to a maximum of two semester hours.

**AST 5245. Radiative Processes in Astronomy (3).** Prerequisite: AST 5210. Corequisite: PHY 4604. This course provides an introduction to radiation processes and their applications to astrophysical phenomena and space science for senior or first-year graduate students. Topics cover radiative transfer theory, radiation hydrodynamics and matter-light interactions in the interstellar medium and star-forming regions, stellar atmospheres, exploding stars, as well as galaxies.

**AST 5342. Hydrodynamics and Plasma for Astrophysics (3).** This course is an introduction to the hydrodynamics, plasma physics, and magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) necessary for an understanding of astrophysical processes. No prior knowledge of hydrodynamics is needed.

**AST 5416. Cosmology and Structure Formation (3).** Prerequisites: AST 4211 and PHY 3101. This course covers the evolution of the universe from the “Hot Big Bang” to the current epoch. Topics include cosmological expansion, the Hubble constant and other cosmological parameters, the microwave-background radiation, early universe nucleosynthesis, the growth of large-scale structure, the “dark ages” and the re-ionization of the universe, the horizon and other fine-tuning problems, distance determinations, redshift surveys, inflation, cosmological acceleration, as well as dark matter and dark energy.

**AST 5418. Extragalactic Astronomy (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. This course offers a survey of the physics and phenomenology of galaxies and galaxy structures. Topics include stellar populations, classification systems, interstellar and intergalactic material, chemical abundances and evolution, galaxy formation, structure, dynamics and evolution, extragalactic distance determination, interacting systems, as well as active galactic nuclei.

**AST 5725. Observational Techniques in Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4211. This course covers principles and techniques used in obtaining modern astronomical data. Includes an overview of current and next-generation astronomical instrumentation, discussion of calibration schemes and observing strategies, and an introduction to analysis techniques.

**AST 5760. Computational Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisite: AST 5210. Corequisites: CGS 3406 or PHY 4151C. This course offers an introduction to numerical methods in the context of observational and theoretical astrophysics. Topics cover interpolation approximation, minimization and optimization, solution of linear systems of equations, random number generation, function integration, numerical differentiation, numerical integration of ordinary differential equations, stiff systems of ODEs, as well as a survey of methods for partial differential equations, such as Poisson equation, heat diffusion, and hydrodynamics.

**AST 5765. Advanced Analysis Techniques in Astronomy (3).** Prerequisite: AST 4722 and AST 4211. This course offers a survey of advanced data-analysis and statistical techniques available to modern astronomical researchers. Topics include subpixel imaging, image deconvolution, point-spread function modeling, crowded field photometry, survey completeness, Malmquist and other statistical biases, automated data mining, image differencing techniques, astrometric solutions, working with low-signal-to-noise data, fitting models to data, modeling synthetic data, as well as real-world error determination.

**PHY 5157. Advanced Numerical Applications in Physics (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 4151C, 4604. Course consists of an introduction to a variety of numerical techniques for the solution of differential equations (D.E.) as well as an exploration of some of the power behind Monte Carlo (M.C.) methods.

**PHY 5226. Intermediate Mechanics (3).** The principles and applications of the Newtonian mechanics of particles and systems of particles. Non-inertial reference frames, simple and damped harmonic motion, central force motion, and the motion of a rigid body in a plane.

**PHY 5227. Advanced Mechanics (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 3221 or 5226 or its equivalent. Kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies. An introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics. The dynamics of oscillating systems.

**PHY 5228. Mechanics II (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3221, PHZ 3113, or instructor permission. This course covers Lagrangian dynamics, Hamiltonian dynamics, dynamics or rigid bodies, coupled oscillations, waves in one-dimensional continuous systems, and special relativity.

**PHY 5246. Theoretical Dynamics (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4222 or 5227. Lagrangian mechanics, central force motion, rigid body motion, small oscillations, Hamiltonian mechanics, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory variational principles.

**PHY 5326. Electricity and Magnetism I (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 3221, PHZ 3113, or instructor permission. This course covers electric fields for static charge distributions, electric fields in matter, magnetic fields for constant current configurations, magnetic fields in matter, and Maxwell’s equations.

**PHY 5327. Electricity and Magnetism II (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 5326 or instructor permission. This course covers electromagnetic wave solutions to Maxwell’s equations; reflection, transmission, dispersion, and absorption of electromagnetic waves; scalar and vector potentials; electromagnetic dipole radiation; electrodynamics; and relativity.

**PHY 5346.** **Electrodynamics A (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4324 or 5327. Electrostatics, magnetostatics, time-varying fields, production and propagation of electromagnetic radiation, special theory of relativity, covariant electrodynamics.

**PHY 5347. Electrodynamics B (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4324 or 5327. Electrostatics, magnetostatics, time-varying fields, production and propagation of electromagnetic radiation, special theory of relativity, covariant electrodynamics.

**PHY 5515. Thermal and Statistical Physics (3).** The fundamental laws of thermodynamics and their application to simple systems. The kinetic theory of an ideal gas. An introduction to the classical and quantum statistical mechanics of weakly interacting systems.

**PHY 5524. Statistical Mechanics (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 4513 or 5515, 4605 or 5608r, 5246. Classical and quantum statistics of weakly interacting systems, ensembles, statistical thermodynamics.

**PHY 5607r. Quantum Theory of Matter A (3).** Quantum mechanics and its applications to particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, and condensed matter. May be repeated within the same term.

**PHY 5608r. Quantum Theory of Matter B (3).** Quantum mechanics and its applications to particles, nuclei, atoms, molecules, and condensed matter. May be repeated within the same term.

**PHY 5645. Quantum Mechanics A (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4605 or 5608r. Development of quantum theory from wave mechanics to matrix mechanics, approximation methods with applications in modern physics, elementary scattering theory, relativistic quantum theory.

**PHY 5646. Quantum Mechanics B (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 4605 or 5608r. Development of quantum theory from wave mechanics to matrix mechanics, approximation methods with applications in modern physics, elementary scattering theory, relativistic quantum theory.

**PHY 5657. Group Theory and Angular Momentum (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 5645. Corequisite: PHY 5646. This course examines the following: symmetries and group theory; permutation groups and crystallographic groups; continuous groups and Lie algebras; SU(2) and angular momentum; SU(3) flavor and color; SU(N) Lie algebras and examples.

**PHY 5667. Quantum Field Theory (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 5246, 5346, 5347, 5645, or instructor permission. Lagrangian Field theory, quantization of scalar, spinor, and vector fields, perturbation theory, renormalization, quantum electrodynamics.

**PHY 5669. Quantum Field Theory B (3).** Prerequisite: PHY 5667. This course is the second semester of quantum field theory, and examines path integral quantization, renormalization, renormalization group, non-Abelian gauge theories and the Standard Model.

**PHY 5670. Quantum Many-body Physics (3)**. Prerequisites: PHY 5246, 5346, 5524, 5645, 5646. This course examines quantum many-body physics as applied to condensed matter, atomic, and nuclear physics.

**PHY 5904r. Directed Individual Study (3).** May be repeated to a maximum of thirty-six semester hours.

**PHY 5909r. Directed Individual Study (1–12).** (S/U grade only.) May be repeated to a maximum of forty-eight semester hours.

**PHY 5918r. Supervised Research (1–5).** (S/U grade only.) A maximum of three hours may apply to the master’s degree. May be repeated to a maximum of five semester hours.

**PHY 5920r. Colloquium (1).** (S/U grade only.) A series of lectures given by faculty and visiting scientists. May be repeated to a maximum of ten semester hours.

**PHY 5930. Introductory Seminar on Research (1).** (S/U grade only.) A series of lectures given by faculty on the research being conducted by the physics department.

**PHY 5940r. Supervised Teaching (0–5).** (S/U grade only.) Laboratory teaching under the direction of a senior faculty member. A maximum of three semester hours may apply to the master’s degree. May be repeated to a maximum of five semester hours.

**PHY 5971r. Thesis (3–6).** (S/U grade only.) A minimum of six semester hours is required.

**PHY 6937r. Selected Topics in Physics (1–3).** Prerequisite: Graduate standing. May be repeated to a maximum of fifteen semester hours.

**PHY 6938r. Special Topics in Physics (3).** (S/U grade only.) Each semester a number of courses labeled PHY 6938r may be scheduled. The exact content of each of these courses will depend on the interests and needs of the students and faculty. Proposals for special topics courses will be submitted by individual faculty members to the Graduate Affairs Committee three months prior to the scheduling of these courses. Student or faculty groups are encouraged to approach an appropriate faculty member and persuade him or her to submit a proposal for a course they feel is needed. The following titles reflect potential offerings: Models and Reactions in Nuclear Physics, Experimental Methods in Nuclear Physics, Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Intermediate Energy Nuclear Physics, Quantum Field Theory, Phenomenological Theories in Particle Physics, Experimental Methods in Particle Physics, Solid State Theory, Theory of Magnetism, Advanced Quantum Mechanics, Molecular Quantum Mechanics, Advanced Statistical Physics, Atomic Structure, Theory of Infrared Spectra, Electron and Atom Collisions, Molecular Collisions, General Relativity and Cosmology, Astrophysics, Magnetic Resonance. May be repeated to a maximum of eighteen semester hours.

**PHY 6941r.** **Graduate Tutorial in Physics (1–3).** (S/U grade only.) Prerequisite: Graduate standing. Selected topics in modern physics. Readings and analysis of primary literature. Maximum of eight students in each tutorial. May be repeated to a maximum of fifteen semester hours.

**PHY 6980r. Dissertation (1–12).** (S/U grade only.)

**PHY 8964r. Preliminary Doctoral Examination (0).** (P/F grade only.)

**PHY 8966r. Master’s Comprehensive Examination (0).** (P/F grade only.)

**PHY 8976r. Master’s Thesis Defense (0).** (P/F grade only.)

**PHY 8985r. Dissertation Defense (0).** (P/F grade only.)

**PHZ 5156C.** **Computational Physics Laboratory (3)**. Prerequisites: COP 2000; MAP 3305; PHY 4222 or instructor permission. An introduction to the use of computers to solve computationally intensive problems, including basic instruction in physics problem solving using numerical solutions to differential equations, numerical integration, Monte Carlo, partial differential equations, linear algebra, distributed processing and symbolic algebra. The course also provides instruction in computational techniques and software development skills and practice in using network and software development tools including telnet, ftp, spreadsheets, databases, code management systems, and the World Wide Web.

**PHZ 5305. Nuclear Physics I (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Selected topics in nuclear structure and nuclear reactions.

**PHZ 5307. Nuclear Physics II (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Selected topics in hadronic physics, experimental techniques and facilities, nuclear astrophysics, and the use of the nucleus as a laboratory.

**PHZ 5315. Nuclear Astrophysics (3).** Prerequisite: AST 5210. Corequisite: PHY 4604. This course offers an introduction to the role of nuclear reactions and decay in astrophysics. Topics cover the origin of elements in the context of Big Bang, major burning stages in the life of a star, stellar explosions, as well as processes in interstellar matter.

**PHZ 5354. High-Energy Physics I (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Classification of elementary particles, particle detectors and accelerators, invariance principles and conservation laws, hadron-hadron interactions, static quark model of hadrons, electromagnetic interactions, the unification of electroweak and other interactions.

**PHZ 5355. High-Energy Physics II (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Advanced topics in particle physics, perturbative techniques and applications, nonperturbative techniques and applications, standard model predictions, extensions of the standard model.

**PHZ 5430. Physics of Materials (3).** Prerequisite: PHZ 5491. An important part of the toolkit of a practicing condensed matter physicist is a knowledge of the historical experimental data base. This course presents part of this data base through a study of the corporate record of the Bell Laboratories, with supplemental material bringing the research record up to date.

**PHZ 5475. Materials Characterization (3).** This course is an introduction to a large variety of materials characterization techniques that have been developed and are currently used in materials science research.

**PHZ 5491. Condensed Matter Physics I (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Crystal structure phonons, electron in metals, semiconductors, magnetism, ferroelectrics, liquid crystals.

**PHZ 5492. Condensed Matter Physics II (3).** Corequisite: PHY 5670. Elementary excitations in solids, the many-body problem, quantum fluids and superconductivity, magnetism, dielectric, collective effects in fluids.

**PHZ 5606. Special and General Relativity (3).** Prerequisites: PHY 5226, 5326. This course examines the following topics: special theory of relativity, tensor analysis and curvature, general theory of relativity, experimental tests, black holes, gravitational radiation, and cosmology.

**PHZ 5715. Biophysics I (3).** Physical bases of biological systems and biological processes, basic theories of thermodynamics and kinetics, key experimental techniques, simple physical models, realistic molecular modeling.

**PHZ 5716. Biophysics II (3).** Prerequisite: PHZ 5715. Selected topics in modern molecular biophysics, modeling and simulations of macromolecules, molecules as classical systems, molecular dynamics simulations, free energy calculations, molecular mechanics/quantum mechanics methods.